Academic Year 2015/2016 - 1° Year

10 CFU - 1° Semester

**MEDICAL STATISTIC**1.Brief introduction to epistemology of knowledge

2. Scientific use

3. Types of measurement scales: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio scales

4. Representation of data in graphs and tables

5. Central indicators, variability indicators, asymmetry and kurtosis

6. Probability, sum and product principle

7. Probability application

8. Diagnostic tests: sensitivity, specificity, predictive values

9. Relative risk and odds ratio

10. Probabiloity distributions: binomial, Poisson and normal

11. Standardized Gaussian curve

12. Inference: central limit theorem ,sample distribution of the mean and standard error

13. Confidence interval for the mean and variance

14. Hypothesis test: null and alternative hypotheses

15. Significance tests between two groups: Sudent t test for dependent and independent groups

16. Contingency tables and chi square test

17. Brief description of linear correlation and regression

**Applied Physics**1) Oscillations and waves.

Waves, simple harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillations, classification of waves, the linear wave equation, ray representation and wave fronts, Huygens' principle, waves superposition, reflection and transmission, waves in interference, beats, diffraction

2) Light and Optics.

Electromagnetic waves, the spectrum of electromagnetic waves, the nature of light, the ray optics, wave under reflection, waves under refraction, total internal refraction, optical fibers and their applications (endoscopy), laser light and its application in medicine, images formed by refraction, thin lenses, lens aberrations, images formed by mirrors.

3) Optical applications in biology and medicine.

Simple and compound microscope, the eye, visual acuity, visual defects, color vision.

4) Sound waves.

Propagation of sound waves, intensity of sound waves, ultrasound, ultrasound images and ultrasound modality to record images.

5) Radiations in biology and medicine.

The atomic nucleus, radioactive isotopes, the nuclear decay, ionizing radiation and interaction of radiation with matter, radiation biological effects, radiation protection and dosimetry, hadron therapy.

**MEDICAL STATISTIC**Statistica medica per le professioni sanitarie 2/ed

di: Pasquale Bruno Lantieri, Domenico Risso, Giambattista Ravera . McGraw-Hill Libri Italia srl: Milano ISBN: 8838616353 Prezzo: Euro 28,00,

**Applied Physics**1) Scannicchio D. : Fisica Biomedica, Ed. Edises – Napoli

2) Giancoli D.C.: Fisica. Principi e applicazioni, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana – Milano

3) Serwey R.A. e Jewett J.W.: Principi di Fisica, Ed. Edises – Napoli