IUS/18 - 6 CFU - 2° Semester

Teaching Staff


Learning Objectives

Knowledge of Roman political institutions in the dynamics of the political and constitutionsal life of ancient Rome, from the origins until the Justinian period.

Knowlegde of institutional mechanisms and balance of power systems in the various phases in which the history of Rome articulates. Knowledge of the birth of the central and peripheral administrative structuring.

Awareness of the metodology and critical use of documentary basics of ancient history regardless of the nature of the documents themselves (literary, legal, epigraphic, papyrological, numismatics, etc.) for the reconstruction of the institutional systems over the centuries.

Knowledge of great themes, like “sovereignity”, “government”, “democracy”, “citizenship”, “guarantees”, and of the transition phases.

Course Structure

Traditional, helped by new technologies for the reading of ancient documents.

Detailed Course Content

The political and the constitutional history of Rome in the succession of its different phases (monarchy, republic, empire), with the particular attention to the institutional transition.

The monarchy. Etruscan reforms. Passing to the res publica.

Magistracy, people and senate assemblies.

Central and peripheral administrative organization. The government of the conquered territories in the Mediterranean: the provinces.

August and the genesis of the empire.

The nova officia and the birth of the imperial burocracy.

The Severe and the universalis empire.

The new attitude of the empire from Diocleziano to Costantino.

The crisis of Roman empire.

The germanic sovereigns. The Theoderic protectorate.

Justinian dominance and the attempt to refound the empire.


During the lessons documents of different nature will be showed and discussed from which critical examination will produce elements of general reconstruction of context, general representation and political institutional functions in the relationship between power and citizens (or foreigners or slaves) and also with the other organs of the State.

Textbook Information

O. Licandro – N. Palazzolo, Roma e le sue istituzioni politiche dalle origini a Giustiniano, Giappichelli Editore – Torino, 2019, pp. 1-507.

O. Licandro, L’irruzione del legislatore romano-germanico. Legge, consuetudine e giuristi
nella crisi dell’Occidente imperiale (V-VI sec. d.C.), Jovene Editore – Napoli 2015, pp. xxiii-151.

S. Mazzarino, La fine del mondo antico. Le cause della caduta dell’impero romano, Bollati Boringhieri Editore – Torino 2008, pp. 1-195.

O. Licandro, Doppio domicilio e doppia cittadinanza. Strumenti di governo ed egemonia politica tra ‘leges’ e ‘prudentes’ nell’età tardorepubblicana, in L’applicazione del diritto romano nelle realtà locali. Edizione di Trento 30 settembre 2017 
in occasione del LXXV anniversario dalla nascita del Professor Giorgio Luraschi, Cacucci Editore – Bari 2019, pp. 51-111.


Please remember that in compliance with art 171 L22.04.1941, n. 633 and its amendments, it is illegal to copy entire books or journals, only 15% of their content can be copied.

For further information on sanctions and regulations concerning photocopying please refer to the regulations on copyright (Linee Guida sulla Gestione dei Diritti d’Autore) provided by AIDRO - Associazione Italiana per i Diritti di Riproduzione delle opere dell’ingegno (the Italian Association on Copyright).

All the books listed in the programs can be consulted in the Library.

Open in PDF format Versione in italiano