# C.I. FISICA STATISTICA ED INFORMATICA

10 CFU - 1° Semester

### Teaching Staff

FILIPPO PALERMO - Module INFORMATICA - INF/01 - 5 CFU
MASSIMO COSTANZO - Module STATISTICA MEDICA - MED/01 - 2 CFU
PAOLA LA ROCCA - Module Applied Physics - FIS/07 - 3 CFU

## Learning Objectives

• Applied Physics

Ability to describe and develop models of simple physical phenomena through the scientific method. Knowledge of the basic principles of Physics and their main applications to the biomedical field, focusing on topics like geometric and physical optics. Ability to make numerical estimations of physical quantities, to identify and solve science problems in phenomena of interest to orthoptists.

## Course Structure

• Applied Physics

Classroom-taught lessons by the use of interactive power point presentations (with images, videos and animations).

Exercises in groups or supervised by the teacher.

## Detailed Course Content

• STATISTICA MEDICA

1.Brief introduction to epistemology of knowledge

2. Scientific use

3. Types of measurement scales: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio scales

4. Representation of data in graphs and tables

5. Central indicators, variability indicators, asymmetry and kurtosis

6. Probability, sum and product principle

7. Probability application

8. Diagnostic tests: sensitivity, specificity, predictive values

9. Relative risk and odds ratio

10. Probabiloity distributions: binomial, Poisson and normal

11. Standardized Gaussian curve

12. Inference: central limit theorem ,sample distribution of the mean and standard error

13. Confidence interval for the mean and variance

14. Hypothesis test: null and alternative hypotheses

15. Significance tests between two groups: Sudent t test for dependent and independent groups

16. Contingency tables and chi square test

• Applied Physics

1) Oscillations and waves

Waves, simple harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillations, classification of waves, the linear wave equation, ray representation and wave fronts, Huygens' principle, waves superposition, reflection and transmission, light dispersion, waves in interference, beats, diffraction, polarized light.

2) Light and Optics

Electromagnetic waves, the spectrum of electromagnetic waves, the nature of light, the ray optics, wave under reflection, waves under refraction, total internal refraction, optical fibers and their applications (endoscopy), laser light and its application in medicine, prism and its applications in optometry, images formed by refraction, thin lenses, lens aberrations, images formed by mirrors.

3) Optical applications in biology and medicine

Simple and compound microscope, the eye, eye reference axes and point, distance evaluation, visual acuity, visual defects, color vision.

4) Sound waves

Propagation of sound waves, intensity of sound waves, ultrasound, Doppler flowmetry, ultrasound images and ultrasound modality to record images.

5) Radiations in biology and medicine

## Textbook Information

• STATISTICA MEDICA
• Colton T (1991) Statistica Medica. Piccin: Padova.

• Armitage P, Berry G (1996) Statistica Medica - Metodi statistici per la ricerca in medicina. McGraw-Hill Libri Italia srl: Milano

• M. R. Costanzo, (2018). “Statistica sperimentale per le professioni sanitarie”, Createspace by Amazon

• Applied Physics

1) Scannicchio D. : Fisica Biomedica, Ed. Edises – Napoli
2) Giancoli D.C.: Fisica. Principi e applicazioni, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana – Milano
3) Serwey R.A. e Jewett J.W.: Principi di Fisica, Ed. Edises – Napoli

Open in PDF format Versione in italiano