# SCIENZE PROPEDEUTICHE

10 CFU - 1° Semester

### Teaching Staff

AGATINO MUSUMARRA - Module FISICA APPLICATA - FIS/07 - 2 CFU
SALVATORE GIUSTINIANI - Module STATISTICA MEDICA - MED/01 - 2 CFU
SALVATORE GIUSTINIANI - Module Information Technology - INF/01 - 2 CFU
MARGHERITA FERRANTE - Module General and applied hygiene. - MED/42 - 2 CFU
IGNAZIO VECCHIO - Module STORIA DELLA MEDICINA - MED/02 - 2 CFU

## Learning Objectives

• STATISTICA MEDICA

The aim of this course is to introduce the basic concepts of descriptive statistics , to learn and acquire skills in relation to the collection , the description, the interpretation and the use of probability distributions in an appropriate manner of the data collected on a collective of patients or other experimental units.

• Information Technology

The student will acquire the basic computer skills necessary for a correct use and aware of modern computer technologies. to the use of operating systems, elements of networking, applications for video spreadsheets

• General and applied hygiene.

The course develops skills in the area of health promotion and prevention of infectious diseases and chronic-degenerative diseases, health and the environment, with particular reference to the effects of pollutants on air, water and soil and their effects on health; in particular the reflections of environmental determinants and lifestyle on maternal and child health.

## Detailed Course Content

• STATISTICA MEDICA
The steps of the statistical survey Data Types Experimental Drawings Series and sequences Frequency Distributions Frequency Distributions double and multiple Tables a double entry Relative Frequencies in tables a double entry Tables of line profiles, profiles column, total profiles Statistical Graphs Statistics for the description, exploration and comparison of the data: Measures of central tendency Measures of variability The concentration The mutability Measures of asymmetry Statistical Reports Correlation and Regression Contingency tables Probability: Foundations and rules Bayes' theorem Binomial distributions Central Limit Theorem Poisson distributions Gauss distributions Inferential Statistics Population and samples Estimation of the parameters: pointwise and range Verification of hypotheses for media and frequency Student's t-test
• Information Technology

Basic informatics - Definition of information - Definition of code - Information processing - Analog and digital systems - Numeric system in base 2 and base 16 - Representation of characters and images - ASCII code - Information Technology (IT ) - Types of computer processing capacity, speed, cost, and typical uses - Basic diagram of a personal computer - Central processing unit, input devices, output devices - Mass memory - Memory RAM and ROM - Memory capacity - Performance of computers - The meaning of the terms: system software and application software - The main functions of the Operating System - Graphical User Interface (GUI ) - Phases of software development: analysis, programming, implementation, testing - Local Area Network (LAN ) and Wide Area Network (WAN) - Public data network (switched Public Switched Data Network (PSDN), integrated services digital network (Integrated Service Digital Network , ISDN), satellite communications - Fax, telex, fax, modem, digital, analog; baud (measured in bps, bits per second) - Typical applications in the field of health, the "smart cards", etc… - What is the Information Society and its various implications? - Protocols more used: TCP/IP. Ergonomics: the problems arising from a work environment that isn’t correct - The need to make backup copies of data on removable memory- What is a computer virus? As the viruses come in a processing system- The main measures of defense against viruses - The concept of copyright law in the case of the software and the legal implications to copy - The meaning of the terms: shareware, freeware, and license to use - The privacy issues associated with the use of personal computers and the measures to be taken - The privacy legislation in Italy. The implications in the use of personal data.

Excel

Definition of cell , sheet and file; the anchorages; use of special keys; the handle; References absolute and relative; formatting of the spreadsheet (date, currency, number, general, ec. ); Edit a worksheet ( copy only the format of a cell); Area of input and output; the bar of the formulas; Formulas (Sum, Average, Max, Min, Percentage etc. ); the graphs (histograms, pie, etc. ); Change of a graph and use Excel as Data Base; definition of Field and Record; sorting data; Function " =IF"; function " =Conta.Se "; filters; the passage of formulas and data from other spreadsheets; the passage of formulas and data from other File Macro, security statistics Formulas

• General and applied hygiene.

Definition of Health. Demography. Epidemiology. Prevention. Epidemiology and Prevention of Infectious Diseases. Epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. Epidemiology and general prophylaxis of certain infectious diseases of particular interest in obstetrics. The risk in the hospital environment (physical hazards, chemical, biological). Epidemiology and prevention of physical and chemical. Epidemiology and prevention of nosocomial infections: A general survey with particular regard to infections Opportunists, Legionella, Aspergillus. General information about cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart disease. Hygiene and care from preconception period the perinatal period. Epidemiology applied to the environment. General information on environmental risk. Risk analysis, interventions on the risk, the risk assessment. Study and improvement of the environment with regard to relations with health. Air pollution. Living and working environments. Drinking water. Wastewater. Waste. Noise. EMF.

## Textbook Information

• STATISTICA MEDICA

Notes prepared by the teacher

• Information Technology

Notes prepared by the teacher

• General and applied hygiene.

1) Maria Triassi, Gabriella Aggazzotti, Margherita Ferrante, Igiene Medicina Preventiva e del Territorio, II edizione, Sorbona, Idelson Gnocchi, Napoli 2015.

2) Buffoli M, Capolongo S., Odone A, Signorelli C. Salute e Ambienter, EDISES, Napoli 2016.

Open in PDF format Versione in italiano