Academic Year 2017/2018 - 1° Year

FIS/01 - 9 CFU - 2° Semester

The student is required to achieve the following training objectives:

- physical quantities and dimensional analysis;
- vector calculation and applications;
- static and dynamic of the material point and of the rigid body;
- fluidostatic and fluid dynamics;
- thermodynamics

**1) Physics quantities**

Quantities in physics--International system-Dimensions and dimensional calculation-Measurement uncertainties

**2) Vectors**

Reference frame and euclidean axes; Geometrical meaning of vectors; Vectors in physics and their role in describing 2D and 3D space; Vector and scalar quantities; Vectors in the plane and their decomposition; Versors; Operation with vectors: sum, difference product

**3) Kinematics**

Position and displacement vector; Velocity and accelerations vectors; ; One dimensional motion with constant velocity; One dimensional motion with constant acceleration; Freely falling objects; Projectile motion; Uniform Circular motion; Centripetal acceleration

**4) Dinamics**

The concept of force; Newton's laws of motion; The force as a vector; Gravitational force; Forces of friction; The concept of work; Equilibrium condition and the inclined plane (with and without friction forces); Work done by a constant and a varying force; Conservative forces; Elastic forces and Hooke's law; The simple pendulum; Mass-spring system; Kinetic Energy and the wrok-kinetic energy theorem: Gravitaional force and gravitaional law; Conservation of energy; Potential energy; The isolated systems: conservation of mechanical energy; System of particles; Center-of-mass and its coordinates; Linear momentum and its conservation; Impulse and momentum; One dimenaional collisioons; Angular position, veolicity and acceleration; Rotational kinematics; Rigid body; Angular momentum and torque; Energy in rotational motion; Angular momentum conservation; Rolling motion of a rigid body: Introduction to oscillation and similarities between pendulum and spring-mass system

**5) Fluid mechanics**

Pressure; Variation of pressure with depth; Stevin's law; Pressure measurements; Pascal's law; Buoyant forces and Archimede's principle; Fluid dynamics; Bernoulli's equation

**6) Thermodinamics**

Temperature and the zeroth law of thermodynamics; Thermic contact; Thermometers; Absolute scale of temperatures; Thermic equilibrium; The heat; Thermal expansion of solids and liquids; Specific heat and calorimetry; Temperature of equiibrium; Latenet heat; The first law of thermodynamics; Work, heat and internal energy in thermodynamics; Transformation; Peferct gases; Transformations with constant temperature or volume or pressure; Molar specifi heat; The Mayer relation; Adiabatic transformations; The Carnot Cycle; The Carnot principle; The second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Third law of thermodynamics

- P. Mazzoldi, M. Nigro, C. Voci "Fisica, Volume I" (II edizione), Edises
- D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker "Fondamenti di Fisica" (2015) Casa Ed. Ambrosiana;
- D. Roller, R. Blum "Fisica (Vol. I)" Casa Ed. Zanichelli
- Serway, Jewett "Principi di Fisica" (2015) Edises
- D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker "Fundamental of Physics" Casa Ed. Ambrosiana;