BIO/17 - 7 CFU - 2° Semester

Teaching Staff


Detailed Course Content


General principles on methods of tissues study through histochemical techniques (fixation, inclusion, staining).


Lining epithelia: General features – Classification - Description of the various types of epithelium: simple pavement epithelium, simple cubic epithelium, simple columnar epithelium, multilayered pavement epithelium, multilayered columnar epithelium, pseudostratified epithelium, transitional epithelium (urothelium) - Specializations of the lateral surface - Specializations of the basal surface - Specializations of the apical surface

Glandular epithelia: General features - Exocrine glands: Classification of exocrine glands by: Number of cells and location, Branching ducts and structure of adenomeri, Mode of secretion and chemical nature of the secretion - Endocrine glands: Cell target - Bonding hormone-receptor – Classification: Cord glands, Interstitial glands, Follicular gland


Proper connective tissue: General features - Collagen fibers - Reticular fibers - Elastic fibers - Ground substance – Cells: Fibroblasts, Macrophages, Mast cells, Adipocytes - Types of connective: Loose connective tissue, Dense connective tissue, Adipose Tissue

Tissue Cartilage: General features, Hyaline cartilage, Elastic cartilage, Fibrous cartilage

Bone Tissue: General features, Bone structure: macroscopic aspect, Microscopic structure: lamellar organization and vascular systems, The bone matrix, The bone cells, Osteogenesis, Bone remodeling, Repair of fractures, Histophysiology bone

Blood: General features – Plasma – Erythrocytes – Leukocytes: Neutrophil granulocytes, Eosinophil granulocytes, Basophil granulocytes, Lymphocytes, Monocytes – Platelets – Lymph – Hematopoiesis General concepts of immunity


General features – Neuron: Shape and size, Body cell, Cytoskeleton, Extensions cell: dendrites and axon, Transport axon - Nerve fiber: Myelin sheath, Conduct impulse – Synapse - Neuroglia


Striated skeletal muscle tissue: Structural organization of the tissue, Structural organization of myofibrils, Molecular organization of myofibrils, Mechanism of contraction, Neuromuscular junction

Striated cardiac muscle tissue: Structure of cardiomyocyte, Structural organization of the tissue, Interlayers discs, Tissue of conduction

Smooth muscle tissue: Structure of the smooth muscle cells, Structural organization of the tissue, Contraction of the smooth muscle tissue


General concepts of the embryonic development – Oogenesis – Spermatogenesis – Fertilization - I and II week of development - III week of development - IV week of development – Placenta - Development of the face and the branchial apparatus - Development of the digestive and respiratory systems - Development of the locomotor apparatus - Development of the urogenital apparatus - Development of the cardiovascular apparatus - Development of the nervous system

Textbook Information

Histology (by choice):
1. P. Rosati- R. Colombo - N. Maraldi - ISTOLOGIA 5a Ed. - Edi-Ermes
2. V. Monesi - ISTOLOGIA 6a Ed. - Piccin

Embryology (by choice):
3. De Felici-Boitani - EMBRIOLOGIA UMANA 2a Ed. - PICCIN

4. Barbieri- Carinci - EMBRIOLOGIA 3a Ed. - Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

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