The course analyzes the authors and themes of modern and contemporary philosophy, with particular reference to certain problems of methodology, science and historiography, and then dwell on the relationship between nature and culture. The objective is to provide students with some knowledge about the modern and contemporary philosophical debate, with particular reference to issues related to the humanities and their articulation methodology, capable of making a direct approach to philosophical texts.
A – General Part of the Discipline (4 CFU):
The Renaissance (Telesio, Bruno, Campanella), Galilei, Bacon, Hobbes, Newton, Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Positivism (Comte, Stuart Mill and Spencer), the Neo-Kantianism (Cassirer), the German Historicism (Dilthey), the Controversy over the Foundations, Freud, Jaspers, Husserl, The Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno), the Neopositivism (Schlick e Carnap), Popper, Wittgenstein, Kuhn, Lakatos and Feyerabend, the Analytic Philosophy (Quine).
B – Methodological aspects of the Discipline (3 CFU):
The Problem of Knowledge in the Modern Age
C – Monographic part of the Discipline (2 CFU):
Nature and Phenomenology.
A – General Part of the Discipline (4 Credits):
For a first classification of the authors recommend the use of a good textbook in high school (for example: N. Abbagnano-G. Fornero, La filosofia, Torino, Paravia, 2009, vols. 2-3; or a another user may be agreed with the teacher). In addition, the authors and the topics covered should be further explored on a university textbook (for example: M. Dal Pra, Storia della filosofia, Milano, Vallardi, 1976 ff., vols. VII-X, or L. Geymonat, Storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico, Milano, Garzanti, 1972 ff., vols. II-XI). The pages to be studied, for this part, are a total of about 400.
B – Methodological aspects of the Discipline (3 Credits):
E. Cassirer, Storia della filosofia moderna, Torino, Einaudi, 1978, I, 2, pp. 291-462; II, 2, pp. 435-530.
C – Parte monografica (2 Credits):
G. Bruno, La cena delle ceneri, in Id., Dialoghi filosofici italiani, Milano, Mondadori, 2000, pp. 5-131 ; E. Husserl, La filosofia come scienza rigorosa, Bari, Laterza, 1994, pp. VII-106.
Please remember that in compliance with art 171 L22.04.1941, n. 633 and its amendments, it is illegal to copy entire books or journals, only 15% of their content can be copied.
For further information on sanctions and regulations concerning photocopying please refer to the regulations on copyright (Linee Guida sulla Gestione dei Diritti d’Autore) provided by AIDRO - Associazione Italiana per i Diritti di Riproduzione delle opere dell’ingegno (the Italian Association on Copyright).
All the books listed in the programs can be consulted in the Library.