The general characteristics of living matter. Cell Theory.Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell (structure and functions). Virus (mode of infection, lytic and lysogenic cycle). Chemical composition of living matter. Cell membranes: structure and function of the plasma membrane.The mechanisms of transport across the membrane (simple and facilitated diffusion, active transport). Mechanisms of signal transduction. Smooth and Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum, the Golgi Apparatus, Lysosomes and Peroxisomes. Nucleic Acids: structure and function of DNA and RNA. DNA replication. Mitosis and Meiosis. The human karyotype: normal and pathological karyotypes. The prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene: mechanism of the process of transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Mendelian genetics: mode of transmission of hereditary characteristics. The meaning of meiosis.
2. CHROMOPROTEINS AND THE TRASPORT OF OXYGEN
3. PLASMA PROTEIN AND THEIR CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS
4. ENZYMES AND ENZYMATIC CATALYSIS
5. THE CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM
6. THE LIPID METABOLISM
7. THE METABOLISM AMINOACIDS
9. MECHANISM OF ACTION OF HORMONES AND METABOLIC INTEGRATIONS
1. Biology and Genetics: G. Chieffi, S.Dolfini, M.Malcovati Quarta Edizione EDISES
2. Elements of Biology and Genetics: Purves, Sadava, Orians, Heller, Editore Zanichelli.
3.Chimica, Biochemistry and Applied Biology Stefani e Taddei, Editore Zanichelli
1. Introduzione alla Biochimica di Lehninger – D.L. Nelson, M.M. Cox – ZANICHELLI
2. Biochimica medica – Siliprandi, Tettamanti – PICCIN