Application in the biomedical field of physical knowledge concerning: Fluid Mechanics, Thermometry and Calorimetry, Error Theory and Measurement Methods, Electromagnetism, Ionizing Radiation, Diagnostic Imaging Methods.
The student will acquire the basic computer skills necessary for a correct use and aware of modern computer technologies. to the use of operating systems, elements of networking, applications for video spreadsheets
The course develops skills in health promotion and prevention of infectious and chronic degenerative diseases, health and the environment with particular reference to the effects of pollutants on air, water and soil and their effects on public health; in particular the effects of environmental determinants and lifestyles on maternal and child health.
ELECTROMAGNETISM: The electric charge - Conductors and insulators - Electric field - Coulomb's law - Unit of measure of electric charge - Dielectric constant - Electric potential and potential difference - Potential gradient - Representation of an inpulsive electric signal: oscilloscope - Capacitors - Current electricity and current intensity - FEM generator - Energy considerations on electrical circuits - Ohm's laws. - Series and parallel resistances - Thermal energy and Joule effect. - Power absorbed by a device.
THE IONIZING RADIATIONS: The ionization - Classification of the ionizing radiations - The ionization produced by the various types of radiation - Specific ionization - The action of the ionizing radiations in the animal tissues: physicochemical and chemical phase - The biological damages of the ionizing radiations - The X rays and γ - Hadrontherapy - Dosimetric quantities and units of measurement.
IMAGE DIAGNOSTICS: Methodologies and tools used in diagnostic imaging - X radiation: Traditional radiology and CT scan - Ultrasound: ultrasound - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance MRI - Positron emission tomography PET - Contrast media.
Frontal teaching in the classroom with the help of electronic material made available by the teacher.
If the teaching is given in a mixed or remote mode, the necessary changes may be introduced with respect to what was previously stated, in order to respect the program envisaged and reported in the syllabus.
Basic informatics - Definition of information - Definition of code - Information processing - Analog and digital systems - Numeric system in base 2 and base 16 - Representation of characters and images - ASCII code - Information Technology (IT ) - Types of computer processing capacity, speed, cost, and typical uses - Basic diagram of a personal computer - Central processing unit, input devices, output devices - Mass memory - Memory RAM and ROM - Memory capacity - Performance of computers - The meaning of the terms: system software and application software - The main functions of the Operating System - Graphical User Interface (GUI ) - Phases of software development: analysis, programming, implementation, testing - Local Area Network (LAN ) and Wide Area Network (WAN) - Public data network (switched Public Switched Data Network (PSDN), integrated services digital network (Integrated Service Digital Network , ISDN), satellite communications - Fax, telex, fax, modem, digital, analog; baud (measured in bps, bits per second) - Typical applications in the field of health, the "smart cards", etc… - What is the Information Society and its various implications? - Protocols more used: TCP/IP. Ergonomics: the problems arising from a work environment that isn’t correct - The need to make backup copies of data on removable memory- What is a computer virus? As the viruses come in a processing system- The main measures of defense against viruses - The concept of copyright law in the case of the software and the legal implications to copy - The meaning of the terms: shareware, freeware, and license to use - The privacy issues associated with the use of personal computers and the measures to be taken - The privacy legislation in Italy. The implications in the use of personal data. Hints of network security
Definition of cell , sheet and file; the anchorages; use of special keys; the handle; References absolute and relative; formatting of the spreadsheet (date, currency, number, general, ec. ); Edit a worksheet ( copy only the format of a cell); Area of input and output; the bar of the formulas; Formulas (Sum, Average, Max, Min, Percentage etc. ); the graphs (histograms, pie, etc. ); Change of a graph and use Excel as Data Base; definition of Field and Record; sorting data; Function " =IF"; function " =Conta.Se "; filters; the passage of formulas and data from other spreadsheets; the passage of formulas and data from other File Macro, security statistics Formulas
Definition of hygiene and hygiene objectives. Demography. Epidemiological studies. Epidemiology and Prevention of Chronic Degenerative Diseases. General information on tumors, diabetes, ischemic heart disease. Epidemiology and Prevention of Infectious Diseases. Epidemiology and general prophylaxis of some infectious diseases of particular interest in obstetrics. The risk in the hospital environment (physical, chemical, biological risks). Epidemiology and prevention of physico-chemical and biological risks. Epidemiology and prevention of hospital infections: general notes with particular regard to Opportunist, Legionella, Aspergilli infections. Mother and child health. Hygiene and assistance from the preconception period to the perinatal period. Neonatal screening. General information on environmental risk. Living and working environments. Air pollution. Water pollution. Waste. Noise. CEM.
Notes prepared by the teacher
1) Maria Triassi, Igiene Medicina Preventiva e del Territorio, III edizione, Sorbona, Idelson Gnocchi, Napoli 2015.
2) Buffoli M, Capolongo S., Odone A, Signorelli C. Salute e Ambiente, igiene edilizia, urbanistica e ambientale, EDISES, Napoli 2016.
Further material can be provided by the teacher.