BIO/09 - 3 CFU - 1° Semester

Teaching Staff


Learning Objectives

The course aims to provide the student with the knowledge of the functioning of organs and systems of the human body and to analyze the homeostatic control mechanisms.

Course Structure

Frontal Lessons. Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.

Detailed Course Content

Introduction to physiology
Homeostasis - Molecular interactions - Cells and Tissues
Metabolism and communication: Membrane and cellular communication - Transport and Energy
Cellular and molecular physiology of the nervous system
Nervous system cells: Nerve cells - Glial cells - Action potential
Ionic channels: Systematics - Structure and functioning - Types of channels - Selectivity and modulation
Receptors and signal transduction: Principles of communication - Neurotransmitters - Receptors and signal transduction
Central nervous system
Neuronal network - Brain - Spinal cord - Brain functions
Sensory Physiology: receptors, somatic and visceral sensitivity - Hearing - Balance - Vision - Taste and smell
Autonomic nervous system and somatic motor system
Central nervous functions and neurovegetative functions
Muscle and motor control
Striated muscle and smooth muscle
Voluntary movement
Reflexes and integrated movement control
Cardiovascular function and physiology: Pressure - Volume - Flow - Resistance
The heart and mechanical cycle - electrical phenomena - circle
Blood vessels and cardiovascular control - The blood
Respiratory and gas exchange
Airways and alveoli - mechanics of breathing
Transport and diffusion of gases - Control of ventilation and alveolar blood flow
Kidneys and electrolytic control - pH control
The nephron structure and functions
Hydro-electrolytic homeostasis - Control of osmolarity and volume
Excretion and clearance - Urination
Functioning of the intra- and extra-cellular pH control mechanisms
Digestive system - metabolism - thermoregulation
Operation and stages of digestion
Energy balance and homeostatic control of insulin-glucagon metabolism
Thermogenesis - body temperature and metabolic adaptations
Endocrine and reproduction
Principles and functions of adrenal glucocorticoids, thyroid hormones, growth hormone
Calcium homeostasis
Male and female reproductive system and hormonal control

Textbook Information

- Human Physiology. Silverthorn - Ed. Pearson

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