Academic Year 2020/2021 - 1° Year - Ingegneria Industriale-Elettrica Curriculum, Ingegneria Industriale-Gestionale Curriculum and Ingegneria Industriale-Meccanica Curriculum

FIS/01 - 9 CFU - 2° Semester

The student is required to achieve the following training objectives:

- physical quantities and dimensional analysis;
- vector calculation and applications;
- static and dynamic of the material point and of the rigid body;
- fluidostatic and fluid dynamics;
- thermodynamics

The teaching method is generally the most congenial to the teaching of Physics 1. In particular, in addition to the classical lecture with the use of a standard blackboard, slides will be used to deepen some specific topics. In addition, multimedia files (video and / or audio) will be used to facilitate the understanding of some topics. In addition to this, teaching in cooperative learning is privileged, in which the classroom becomes a moment of development and apprehension of knowledge. Brainstorming will also be considered (mainly for the resolution of exercises submitted by the teacher) and flipped-classroom in which the students will be directly called into question to explain or illustrate exercises or theoretical topics. The verification method includes self-assessment tests during the entire second semester as well as exam tests with cross-section exercises on the course topics.

*Should the circumstances require online or blended teaching, appropriate modifications to what is hereby stated may be introduced, in order to achieve the main objectives of the course. Additionally, exams may take place online, depending on circumstances.*

**1) Physics quantities**

Quantities in physics--International system-Dimensions and dimensional calculation-Measurement uncertainties

**2) Vectors**

Reference frame and euclidean axes; Geometrical meaning of vectors; Vectors in physics and their role in describing 2D and 3D space; Vector and scalar quantities; Vectors in the plane and their decomposition; Versors; Operation with vectors: sum, difference product

**3) Kinematics**

Position and displacement vector; Velocity and accelerations vectors; ; One dimensional motion with constant velocity; One dimensional motion with constant acceleration; Freely falling objects; Projectile motion; Uniform Circular motion; Centripetal acceleration

**4) Dinamics**

The concept of force; Newton's laws of motion; The force as a vector; Gravitational force; Forces of friction; The concept of work; Equilibrium condition and the inclined plane (with and without friction forces); Work done by a constant and a varying force; Conservative forces; Elastic forces and Hooke's law; The simple pendulum; Mass-spring system; Kinetic Energy and the wrok-kinetic energy theorem: Gravitaional force and gravitaional law; Conservation of energy; Potential energy; The isolated systems: conservation of mechanical energy; System of particles; Center-of-mass and its coordinates; Linear momentum and its conservation; Impulse and momentum; One dimenaional collisioons; Angular position, veolicity and acceleration; Rotational kinematics; Rigid body; Angular momentum and torque; Energy in rotational motion; Angular momentum conservation; Rolling motion of a rigid body: Introduction to oscillation and similarities between pendulum and spring-mass system

**5) Fluid mechanics**

Pressure; Variation of pressure with depth; Stevin's law; Pressure measurements; Pascal's law; Buoyant forces and Archimede's principle; Fluid dynamics; Bernoulli's equation

**6) Thermodinamics**

Temperature and the zeroth law of thermodynamics; Thermic contact; Thermometers; Absolute scale of temperatures; Thermic equilibrium; The heat; Thermal expansion of solids and liquids; Specific heat and calorimetry; Temperature of equiibrium; Latenet heat; The first law of thermodynamics; Work, heat and internal energy in thermodynamics; Transformation; Peferct gases; Transformations with constant temperature or volume or pressure; Molar specifi heat; The Mayer relation; Adiabatic transformations; The Carnot Cycle; The Carnot principle; The second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Third law of thermodynamics

- P. Mazzoldi, M. Nigro, C. Voci "Fisica, Volume I" (II edizione), Edises
- D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker "Fondamenti di Fisica" (2015) Casa Ed. Ambrosiana;
- D. Roller, R. Blum "Fisica (Vol. I)" Casa Ed. Zanichelli
- Serway, Jewett "Principi di Fisica" (2015) Edises
- D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker "Fundamental of Physics" Casa Ed. Ambrosiana;