BIO/09 - 7 CFU - 1° Semester

Teaching Staff


Learning Objectives

The course allows the student to acquire the knowledge concerning the vital functions of animals and humans, to understand how the living organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis of its internal medium at the molecular, cellular and tissue level in the context of modifications of the surrounding environment. In particular, the objectives of the course are: to analyze the integrated functioning of the various organs, systems and control systems through which the living organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis of its internal medium; understand the mechanisms and interrelationships of vegetative functions and the general foundations of endocrinology; analyze the neurobiological and psycho-physiological foundations relating to sensory functions, motor behaviors and cognitive and emotional interactions between the subject and the environment. The course also aims to develop students' interest in the experimental approach in the field of neuroscience and the possibility of translating the results obtained from basic research to the clinic, since physiology constitutes a dynamic discipline in the field of modern biomedical research, integrating and connecting the basic and translational disciplines.

Course Structure

Lectures and theoretical-practical exercises.

Detailed Course Content

Sensory systems and perception.

Motor Control.

Higher nervous functions

Cerebral circulation and blood-brain, haematoliquoral barriers. Chemical-physical characteristics and functions.

Regulatory Systems:

Autonomous nervous system: Anatomo-functional organization of the ortho- and parasympathetic system. Catecholamines and adrenal medulla.

Endocrine system

Reproductive physiology. Functions of the female reproductive organs: ovarian, uterine and hormonal cycle; contraception; physiology of pregnancy and childbirth; neuroendocrine control of lactation. Functions of the male reproductive organs: functional anatomy of the testis and spermatic ducts; spermatogenesis; male sex hormones.

Textbook Information

  1. Fisiologia Umana - A cura di F. Grassi, D. Negrini, C.A. Porro – Poletto Editore

2. Guyton & Hall - Fisiologia medica - Edises, Napoli.

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