# SCIENZE PROPEDEUTICHE

10 CFU - 1° Semester

### Teaching Staff

AGATINO MUSUMARRA - Module FISICA APPLICATA - FIS/07 - 2 CFU
SALVATORE GIUSTINIANI - Module Statistics - MED/01 - 2 CFU
SALVATORE GIUSTINIANI - Module INFORMATICA - INF/01 - 2 CFU
ANTONIO CRISTALDI - Module GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE - MED/42 - 2 CFU
IGNAZIO VECCHIO - Module STORIA DELLA MEDICINA - MED/02 - 2 CFU

## Learning Objectives

• FISICA APPLICATA

Application in the biomedical field of physical knowledge concerning: Fluid Mechanics, Thermometry and Calorimetry, Error Theory and Measurement Methods, Electromagnetism, Ionizing Radiation, Diagnostic Imaging Methods.

• Statistics

The aim of this course is to introduce the basic concepts of descriptive statistics , to learn and acquire skills in relation to the collection , the description, the interpretation and the use of probability distributions in an appropriate manner of the data collected on a collective of patients or other experimental units.

• GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE

The course develops skills in health promotion and prevention of infectious and chronic degenerative diseases, health and the environment with particular reference to the effects of pollutants on air, water and soil and their effects on public health; in particular the effects of environmental determinants and lifestyles on maternal and child health.

• STORIA DELLA MEDICINA

The History of Medicine aims to provide the student in Medicine with the contents and paths of the evolution of medical thought over time, to contribute to the acquisition of knowledge and useful references to the present, with the aim of enriching the culture of student in Medicine and to make it useful heritage for research, clinic and assistance.

## Course Structure

• FISICA APPLICATA

ELECTROMAGNETISM: The electric charge - Conductors and insulators - Electric field - Coulomb's law - Unit of measure of electric charge - Dielectric constant - Electric potential and potential difference - Potential gradient - Representation of an inpulsive electric signal: oscilloscope - Capacitors - Current electricity and current intensity - FEM generator - Energy considerations on electrical circuits - Ohm's laws. - Series and parallel resistances - Thermal energy and Joule effect. - Power absorbed by a device.

THE IONIZING RADIATIONS: The ionization - Classification of the ionizing radiations - The ionization produced by the various types of radiation - Specific ionization - The action of the ionizing radiations in the animal tissues: physicochemical and chemical phase - The biological damages of the ionizing radiations - The X rays and γ - Hadrontherapy - Dosimetric quantities and units of measurement.

IMAGE DIAGNOSTICS: Methodologies and tools used in diagnostic imaging - X radiation: Traditional radiology and CT scan - Ultrasound: ultrasound - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance MRI - Positron emission tomography PET - Contrast media.

• Statistics

Frontal lessons with the active participation of the students in the resolution of problems, tutorials

Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.

The exam is normally written , consisting of multiple choice tests and/or exercises
Learning assessment may also be carried out on line, should the conditions require it.

• GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE

Frontal teaching in the classroom with the help of electronic material made available by the teacher.

If the teaching is given in a mixed or remote mode, the necessary changes may be introduced with respect to what was previously stated, in order to respect the program envisaged and reported in the syllabus.

• STORIA DELLA MEDICINA

frontal lessons

## Detailed Course Content

• FISICA APPLICATA

frontal lessons

• Statistics

The steps of the statistical survey

Data Types

Experimental Drawings

Series and sequences

Frequency Distributions

Frequency Distributions double and multiple

Tables a double entry

Relative Frequencies in tables a double entry

Tables of line profiles, profiles column, total profiles

Statistical Graphs

Statistics for the description, exploration and comparison of the data: Measures of central tendency

Measures of variability

The concentration

The mutability

Measures of asymmetry

Statistical Reports

Correlation and Regression

Contingency tables

Probability: Foundations and rules

Bayes' theorem

Binomial distributions

Central Limit Theorem

Poisson distributions

Gauss distributions

Inferential Statistics

Population and samples

Estimation of the parameters: pointwise and range

Student's t-test

Verification of hypotheses for media and frequency

• GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE

Definition of hygiene and hygiene objectives. Demography. Epidemiological studies. Epidemiology and Prevention of Chronic Degenerative Diseases. General information on tumors, diabetes, ischemic heart disease. Epidemiology and Prevention of Infectious Diseases. Epidemiology and general prophylaxis of some infectious diseases of particular interest in obstetrics. The risk in the hospital environment (physical, chemical, biological risks). Epidemiology and prevention of physico-chemical and biological risks. Epidemiology and prevention of hospital infections: general notes with particular regard to Opportunist, Legionella, Aspergilli infections. Mother and child health. Hygiene and assistance from the preconception period to the perinatal period. Neonatal screening. General information on environmental risk. Living and working environments. Air pollution. Water pollution. Waste. Noise. CEM.

• STORIA DELLA MEDICINA

History of informed consent, and patient medical report.

History of euthanasia. History of transplants. History of medical schools in the Mediterranean.

History of hospitals. History of the birth of universities.

Women and Medicine. Egyptian medicine. Mesopotamian Medicine .. Medicine among the Greeks, Romans and in the Middle Ages. Medicine from the 14th to the 21st century.

Jewish and Arabic medicine.

The great diagnostic and therapeutic discoveries

## Textbook Information

• FISICA APPLICATA
1. E. Ragozzino – Elementi di Fisica (EdiSES)
2. Dispense disponibili al link: http://www.lns.infn.it/~musumarra/info_st.html
• Statistics

Triola M. M. e Triola M. (2009), Statistica per le discipline biosanitarie, Pearson Addison Wesley, Milano.

Notes prepared by the teacher

• GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE

1) Maria Triassi, Igiene Medicina Preventiva e del Territorio, III edizione, Sorbona, Idelson Gnocchi, Napoli 2015.

2) Buffoli M, Capolongo S., Odone A, Signorelli C. Salute e Ambiente, igiene edilizia, urbanistica e ambientale, EDISES, Napoli 2016.

• STORIA DELLA MEDICINA

1) Giorgio Cosmacini

L'Arte lunga. Storia della Medicina dall'antichità ad oggi. Editori Laterza.