FIS/03 - 6 CFU - 1° Semester

Teaching Staff


Learning Objectives

The course introduces concepts of advanced quantum mechanics (superpositions, entanglement, bipartite systems, open systems), as well as the theoretical technical background for the study of the quantum dynamics of electrons and photons, manipulated in coherent physical systems/architectures. This is of great interest for fundamental science, from the interpretation of quantum physics to quantum thermodynamics and gravity, but are also of current interest for applications in the emergent field of "Quantum Technologies" (quantum computation and communication, quantum control, sensing and metrology).


Main goals are:

Course Structure

The course is structured in three main parts: (1) representation of quantum systems (kinepatics) and elementary dynamics; (2) Bipartite systems: entanglement, measurement, open systems; (3) Special selected topics.

Detailed Course Content

  1. Representation of quantum systems (12+2 h)
    Quantum bits, composite systems; physiscal systems (photons, nuclear spin, confined atoms, artificial atoms based on semiconductors/superconductors, cavities); algebra in Hilbert spaces and applications to quantum networks; examples; classical and quantum computation (seminar)
  2. Quantum dynamics (12+2 h)
    Time evolution operator; pulsed dynamics; heisenberg and von Neumann equation and their phenomenological generalization to relaxation and dephasing; quantum systems in oscillatory fields; time-dependent unitary transformations (rotating frame, adiabatic frame, geometric phases)
  3. Bipartite and multipartite syestems (6+2 h)
    Density matrix; quantum measurement and von Neumann model; applications (superdense coding, no-cloning theorem, cryptography, quantum teleportation) Entanglement; EPR paradox and Bell inequality (seminar).
  4. Coherent nanosystems (4 h) (two or three of the following topics)
  5. NMR molecules in liquids; photons and atoms in cavities; artificial atoms and circuit QED; trapped ions and cold atoms; nanomechanical and nanoelectromechanical systems; topological excitations in condensed matter.
  6. Selected topic (2 h) (seminar, one of the following topics)
    New quantum technologies for measuremet and sensing; open quantum systems; introduction to quantum information; introduction to quantum thermodynamics; introduction to quantum control theory.

Textbook Information

[1] M. Nielsen and I. Chuang. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010.
[2] S. Haroche and J.M. Raimond, Exploring the Quantum : Atoms, Cavities and Photons, Oxford, 2006.
[3] G. Falci, Informazione quantistica: appunti del corso.
[4] G. Chen, D. A. Church, B.-G. Englert, C. Henkel, B. Rohwedder, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zubairy. Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs and Analysis. Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2007.
[5] C. P. Williams and S. H. Clearwater, Explorations in Quantum Computing, Springer Verlag, New York, 1998.
[6] G. Benenti, G. Casati, G. Strini, Principles of Quantum Computation and Information, voll. 1 e 2, World Scientific, 2004

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