Academic Year 2019/2020 - 1° Year

10 CFU - 1° Semester

**FISICA APPLICATA**Application in the biomedical field of physical knowledge concerning: Fluid Mechanics, Thermometry and Calorimetry, Error Theory and Measurement Methods, Electromagnetism, Ionizing Radiation, Diagnostic Imaging Methods.

**STATISTICA MEDICA**The aim of this course is to introduce the basic concepts of descriptive statistics , to learn and acquire skills in relation to the collection , the description, the interpretation and the use of probability distributions in an appropriate manner of the data collected on a collective of patients or other experimental units.

**Information Technology**The student will acquire the basic computer skills necessary for a correct use and aware of modern computer technologies. to the use of operating systems, elements of networking, applications for video spreadsheets

**General and applied hygiene.**The course develops skills in the area of health promotion and prevention of infectious diseases and chronic-degenerative diseases, health and the environment, with particular reference to the effects of pollutants on air, water and soil and their effects on health; in particular the reflections of environmental determinants and lifestyle on maternal and child health.

**STORIA DELLA MEDICINA**The History of Medicine aims to provide the student in Medicine with the contents and paths of the evolution of medical thought over time, to contribute to the acquisition of knowledge and useful references to the present, with the aim of enriching the culture of student in Medicine and to make it useful heritage for research, clinic and assistance.

**FISICA APPLICATA**ELECTROMAGNETISM: The electric charge - Conductors and insulators - Electric field - Coulomb's law - Unit of measure of electric charge - Dielectric constant - Electric potential and potential difference - Potential gradient - Representation of an inpulsive electric signal: oscilloscope - Capacitors - Current electricity and current intensity - FEM generator - Energy considerations on electrical circuits - Ohm's laws. - Series and parallel resistances - Thermal energy and Joule effect. - Power absorbed by a device.

THE IONIZING RADIATIONS: The ionization - Classification of the ionizing radiations - The ionization produced by the various types of radiation - Specific ionization - The action of the ionizing radiations in the animal tissues: physicochemical and chemical phase - The biological damages of the ionizing radiations - The X rays and γ - Hadrontherapy - Dosimetric quantities and units of measurement.

IMAGE DIAGNOSTICS: Methodologies and tools used in diagnostic imaging - X radiation: Traditional radiology and CT scan - Ultrasound: ultrasound - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance MRI - Positron emission tomography PET - Contrast media.

**STATISTICA MEDICA**Frontal lessons with the active participation of the students in the resolution of problems, tutorials

**Information Technology**frontal lessons

**General and applied hygiene.**Interactive didactic with case-study presentation.

**STORIA DELLA MEDICINA**frontal lessons

**FISICA APPLICATA**frontal lessons

**STATISTICA MEDICA**The steps of the statistical survey

Data Types

Experimental Drawings

Series and sequences

Frequency Distributions

Frequency Distributions double and multiple

Tables a double entry

Relative Frequencies in tables a double entry

Tables of line profiles, profiles column, total profiles

Statistical Graphs

Statistics for the description, exploration and comparison of the data: Measures of central tendency

Measures of variability

The concentration

The mutability

Measures of asymmetry

Statistical Reports

Correlation and Regression

Contingency tables

Probability: Foundations and rules

Bayes' theorem

Binomial distributions

Central Limit Theorem

Poisson distributions

Gauss distributions

Inferential Statistics

Population and samples

Estimation of the parameters: pointwise and range

Student's t-test

Verification of hypotheses for media and frequency

**Information Technology**Basic informatics - Definition of information - Definition of code - Information processing - Analog and digital systems - Numeric system in base 2 and base 16 - Representation of characters and images - ASCII code - Information Technology (IT ) - Types of computer processing capacity, speed, cost, and typical uses - Basic diagram of a personal computer - Central processing unit, input devices, output devices - Mass memory - Memory RAM and ROM - Memory capacity - Performance of computers - The meaning of the terms: system software and application software - The main functions of the Operating System - Graphical User Interface (GUI ) - Phases of software development: analysis, programming, implementation, testing - Local Area Network (LAN ) and Wide Area Network (WAN) - Public data network (switched Public Switched Data Network (PSDN), integrated services digital network (Integrated Service Digital Network , ISDN), satellite communications - Fax, telex, fax, modem, digital, analog; baud (measured in bps, bits per second) - Typical applications in the field of health, the "smart cards", etc… - What is the Information Society and its various implications? - Protocols more used: TCP/IP. Ergonomics: the problems arising from a work environment that isn’t correct - The need to make backup copies of data on removable memory- What is a computer virus? As the viruses come in a processing system- The main measures of defense against viruses - The concept of copyright law in the case of the software and the legal implications to copy - The meaning of the terms: shareware, freeware, and license to use - The privacy issues associated with the use of personal computers and the measures to be taken - The privacy legislation in Italy. The implications in the use of personal data.

Excel

Definition of cell , sheet and file; the anchorages; use of special keys; the handle; References absolute and relative; formatting of the spreadsheet (date, currency, number, general, ec. ); Edit a worksheet ( copy only the format of a cell); Area of input and output; the bar of the formulas; Formulas (Sum, Average, Max, Min, Percentage etc. ); the graphs (histograms, pie, etc. ); Change of a graph and use Excel as Data Base; definition of Field and Record; sorting data; Function " =IF"; function " =Conta.Se "; filters; the passage of formulas and data from other spreadsheets; the passage of formulas and data from other File Macro, security statistics Formulas

**General and applied hygiene.**Definition of Health. Demography. Epidemiology. Prevention. Epidemiology and Prevention of Infectious Diseases. Epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. Epidemiology and general prophylaxis of certain infectious diseases of particular interest in obstetrics. The risk in the hospital environment (physical hazards, chemical, biological). Epidemiology and prevention of physical and chemical. Epidemiology and prevention of nosocomial infections: A general survey with particular regard to infections Opportunists, Legionella, Aspergillus. General information about cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart disease. Hygiene and care from preconception period the perinatal period. Epidemiology applied to the environment. General information on environmental risk. Risk analysis, interventions on the risk, the risk assessment. Study and improvement of the environment with regard to relations with health. Air pollution. Living and working environments. Drinking water. Wastewater. Waste. Noise. EMF.

**STORIA DELLA MEDICINA**History of informed consent, and patient medical report.

History of euthanasia. History of transplants. History of medical schools in the Mediterranean.

History of hospitals. History of the birth of universities.

Women and Medicine. Egyptian medicine. Mesopotamian Medicine .. Medicine among the Greeks, Romans and in the Middle Ages. Medicine from the 14th to the 21st century.

Jewish and Arabic medicine.

The great diagnostic and therapeutic discoveries

**FISICA APPLICATA**- E. Ragozzino – Elementi di Fisica (EdiSES)
- Dispense disponibili al link: http://www.lns.infn.it/~musumarra/info_st.html

**STATISTICA MEDICA***Triola M. M. e Triola M. (2009), Statistica per le discipline biosanitarie, Pearson Addison Wesley, Milano.*Notes prepared by the teacher

**Information Technology**Notes prepared by the teacher

**General and applied hygiene.**1) Maria Triassi, Gabriella Aggazzotti, Margherita Ferrante, Igiene Medicina Preventiva e del Territorio, II edizione, Sorbona, Idelson Gnocchi, Napoli 2015.

2) Buffoli M, Capolongo S., Odone A, Signorelli C. Salute e Ambienter, EDISES, Napoli 2016.

**STORIA DELLA MEDICINA**1) Giorgio Cosmacini

L'Arte lunga. Storia della Medicina dall'antichità ad oggi. Editori Laterza.

2) Adelfio Elio Cardinale

Medicina tra storia e storie. Edizione Magi

£)Ignazio Vecchio, Cristina Tornali et al. Storia della medicina del periodo greco-romano. Linee guida di didattica per studenti universitari, CUECM2009