Knowledge of the morphological and molecular features, nosological classification and differential diagnosis of the main diseases. Knowledge of early diagnosis, prognostic and predictive factors of neoplastic diseases.
Pathology of the digestive system.
Esophagus: notes on major congenital anomalies and diseases of motor abnormalities; Infectious esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus; morphological pictures and anatomo-clinical correlations of esophageal cancer.
Stomach: main morphological pictures of gastritis and gastric ulcer; the role of endoscopic biopsy; anatomic and clinical pictures of gastric cancer. Non-epithelial tumors and gastric GIST.
Small intestine and colon: enterocolitis; malabsorption syndromes; idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease; vascular diseases; benign and malignant tumors: general, morphological pictures, progression adenoma-carcinoma, familial polyposis, staging.
Diseases of the liver and biliary tract.
Circulatory disturbances of the liver. Acute and chronic viral hepatitis; cirrhosis of the liver: morphological pictures, evolution and complications; liver biopsy. Notes on alcoholic liver disease and the main metabolic liver diseases. General and main morphological pictures of biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis. And hepatocellular tumors colangiocellulari: morphological pictures, complications and natural history.
Cholelithiasis. Carcinoma of the gallbladder and extrahepatic bile ducts: morphological pictures, natural history and complications.
Diseases of the pancreas.
Pancreatitis: morphological pictures, natural history and complications.
Pancreatic cancer: morphological pictures, natural history and complications.
Diseases of the kidney, the lower urinary tract and the male genital.
Main cystic kidney diseases: classification and morphological pictures.
Circulatory disturbances of the kidney: classification, pathogenesis and morphological pictures.
Primary and secondary glomerular diseases: overview, classification, pathogenesis, natural history and complications, morphological pictures; the role of renal biopsy.
Tubulopathies: general information and main morphological pictures. Urolithiasis. Interstitial nephritis: etiology, natural history and complications, morphological pictures. Toxic nephropathy and drugs.
Kidney tumors: epidemiology, natural history, morphological pictures, staging.
Bladder cancer: epidemiology, natural history, morphological pictures, staging.
Prostatic hyperplasia. Prostate cancer: pathogenesis, natural history, morphological pictures. The role of the prostate biopsy.
Didymus and epididymal tumors.
Disease of the breast.
The breast lump: diagnostic procedure. Cytodiagnostics by aspiration. Secretions from
nipple. Intraoperative biopsy and histology.
Fibrocystic breast disease: histologic lesions elementary and pre-neoplastic.
Benign breast tumors: papilloma, fibroadenoma. Pyllodes tumors.
Breast cancer: epidemiology, risk factors, early diagnosis, natural history, morphological pictures and prognostic factors. Histological type, histological grade and stage. Hormone receptors.
The sentinel node: rational and applications.
Gynecomastia and male breast cancer.
Pathology of the female genitalia.
- Cervicitis. CIN and invasive cervical cancer: risk factors and diagnostic role
the cytology smear (Papanicolaou test).
- Causes of abnormal uterine bleeding. Dysfunctional. Adenomyosis and endometriosis.
Endometrial hyperplasia (simple, complex, with atypia). Endouterini polyps.
Endometrial cancer. Benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors of the uterus. Diseases
Trophoblast: vesicular mole, choriocarcinoma.
- Ovarian cysts non-neoplastic.
- Ovarian tumors: classification histogenetic. Prognostic factors of ovarian cancer.
Robbins - Cotran "Le basi patologiche delle malattia" 9a edizione Elsevier
Gallo - D’Amati Anatomia Patologica – La sistematica” UTET