The course is aimed at providing the student the basic knowledge and the state of the art of the knowledge in Solar Physics: knowledge of the methods used to investigate the solar interior and its atmosphere; knowledge of the mechanisms of interaction between a plasma and localized magnetic fields; concept of magnetic reconnection applied to transient phenomena taking place in the solar atmosphere; knowledge of the mechanisms of interaction between magnetized plasma and the Earth magnetosphere in the framework of Space Weather.
Eletcromagnetism. Maxwell's Laws. Lorentz Force. Nuclear reactions. Theory of interaction between matter and radiation. Magnetic field Induction Law. Frozen magnetic field. Magnetic Reconnection.
The attendance to lectures is usually mandatory.
The solar interior: nucleus, radiative zone, convective zone. The solar atmosphere: photosphere, chromosphere, transition region, corona. Solar differential rotation. Magnetic structures in the solar atmosphere: active regions, sunspots, faculae, prominences, loops. coronal holes. Solar wind. Techniques of observation of the various layers of the solar atmosphere. Solar telescopes. Spectrographs. Filters. Methods of reduction. Standard solar model. Reactions of nuclear fusion. Measure of the solar neutrinos flux. Heliosismology. Oscillations as a diagnostic tool for the inner structure and dynamics of the Sun. Emergence of magnetic flux in the solar atmosphere. Formation of the active regions. Sunspots: physical and morphologic characteristics. The 11-year cycle of solar activity. The dynamo model. Chromospheric-coronal heating. Flares: observational characteristics. Coronal Mass Ejections. Space Weather.
Presentations (ppt or pdf) used during the lectures will be distributed to students.
|1||*||The solar interior||H. M. Antia, A. Bhatnagar, P Ulmschneider : Lectures on Solar Physics|
|2||*||The Solar Standard Model||H. M. Antia, A. Bhatnagar, P Ulmschneider : Lectures on Solar Physics|
|3||*||Helioseismology||Notes provided by the teacher|
|4||*||Instruments for solar observations||H. M. Antia, A. Bhatnagar, P Ulmschneider : Lectures on Solar Physics|
|5||*||The solar atmosphere: physical characteristics||H. M. Antia, A. Bhatnagar, P Ulmschneider : Lectures on Solar Physics|
|6||*||Role of the magnetic field in solar phenomena||E. Landi Innocenti: Fisica Solare|
|7||*||Magnetic features in the solar atmosphere||E. R. Priest : Solar magnetohydrodynamics|
|8||*||The 11-year solar cycle||H. M. Antia, A. Bhatnagar, P Ulmschneider : Lectures on Solar Physics|
|9||*||Physical and morphological properties of solar flares||M. Aschwanden : Physics of the solar corona: an introduction|
|10||*||Coronal Mass Ejections||K. R. Lang : The Sun from Space|
|11||*||Space Weather||K. R. Lang : The Sun from Space|
Verification of learning will be carried out through an oral final exam. Through questions related to qualifying points of the various parts of the program, the exam is aimed at ascertaining the overall level of knowledge acquired by the candidate, his/her ability to critically address the topics studied and to correlate the various parts of the program.
The final grade will equally match the knowledge shown in the qualitative and quantitative arguments, the critical view of the topics dealt with during the course and the ability to correlate the various parts of the program.
See the information provided above.