Cell membranes Mechanisms of transport and ion channels
Nervous system General organizzation of the central, peripheral and vegetative nervous system. Properties of excitable membranes: potential of membrane and potential of action. Classification of nerve fibres.
Muscles Organization of skeletal muscles. Excitation-Contraction Coupling, single muscle twitch and tetanus. Muscle metabolism. Motor unit. Smooth muscle: generalities,
Synaptic transmission Neuromuscular and central synapses. Neurotransmtters.
Sensorial receptors. Proprioceptive and exteroceptive sensibility.
Spinal cord: mono- and polisynaptic reflex activity. Shock spinale
Function of cerebellum, basal ganglia and cerebral cortex
Cardiovascular System Properties of cardiac muscle. Aspecific and specific myocardium. Mechanic and electrical cardiac cycles. Coronary circulation. Vascular system: caracteristics of blood and blood vessels. Physical factors affecting blood flow. Laminar and urbulent blood flow. Laplace's law applied to vessels. Capillary changes. Functions of veins. Control of heart rate and blood pressure.
Respiratory system Upper and lower airways. Mechanism of Breathing. Alveolar ventilation. Surfactant. Spirometry. Basic mechanism of gas exchanges among lungs, blood and tissues. Carriage of the respiratory gas in the blood.
Urinary system Kidney homeostatic functions; kidney mechanisms: glomerular filtration; tubular absorption and secretion. Renal regulation of water, electrolyte and pH balance.
Digestive system: Basic principles on motor,secretory and absorbent activities
Laboratory analysis: definition, typology
Collection and conservation of biological samples
Preanalytical, analytical and biological variability
Complete blood count test
Plasma proteins and electrophoresis
Urine analysis and functional kidney test
The functional liver test
Diabetes: diagnosis and follow up test
1) “FISIOLOGIA DELL’UOMO” a cura di F. Conti Casa Editrice Edi- Ermes
2) GANONG “FISIOLOGIA MEDICA” Casa Editrice Piccin
nb The student can choose any book on Human Physiology as long as in the examination he proves to have the knowledge required to pass the test
1. Sacchetti L., Cavalcanti P. et. al. Medicina di laboratorio e diagnostica genetica. Sorbona
2. Laposata M. Medicina di Laboratorio. Piccin
3. Antonozzi I. Medicina di Laboratorio. Piccin
4. Federici G. Medicina di Laboratorio. Mc Graw-Hill Companies
5. Balestrieri et al. Diagnostica Molecolare nella Medicina di Laboratorio. Piccin