Provide the basics of biomechanics to understand the actions of external forces and internal forces on the musculo-skeletal structure.
Acquire a basic grounding about the staying power of materials and biological tissues.
Forces and moments. Forces composition. Biomechanical applications.
Equilibrium conditions. Constraint reactions. Biomechanical applications.
Internal forces. Shear and moment digrams. Biomechanical applications.
Linear elasticity. Hooke’s law. Elastic properties of the materials. Stress and strain. Biomechanical applications.
Tensile-compressive loading, shear loading, flexural loading, torsional loading. Normal and tangential stresses produced by the various loading forces. Biomechanical applications.
Cyclical stresses. Fatigue of the materials.
Viscoelastic roperties of the materials. Wear.
1. R. Pietrabissa: Biomateriali per protesi ed organi artificiali. Patron. Bologna, 1996.
2. B.F. LeVeau: Biomeccanica del movimento umano. Verduci Ed., 1993.
3. Course notes.