The course aims to provide, in a first phase, the basic knowledge of X-ray physics concerning the production of radiological images. Then it takes into consideration the exposure parameters and the geometric parameters, the analog and digital detectors and their characteristics. The image management and archiving systems (RIS PACS) are also treated. Finally, knowledge on the principles of image formation in CT are provided.
Radiology introduction: electromagnetic radiation, X-rays, X-ray tube, opacity and hyper-transparency. Introduction US. Exposure parameters, optical density, radiographic film.
Geometric factors and linear tomography. Detector properties, film screens, IB. Digital radiography: CR and DR. Skull, Cephalometric teleradiography, Orthopantomography. Chest x-ray: criteria of correctness. Radiographic anatomy.
RIS and PACS.
Principles and history CT: gantry, detectors, generator, spiral and multidetector CT. CT parameters: exposure parameters (kV, mA, time) noise, Hounsfield scale.
RADIOLOGICAL ANATOMY: Techniques and Methodologies in Radiodiagnostics - Fernando Mazzucato - Piccin editor