IGIENE GENERALE E APPLICATA

MED/42 - 6 CFU - 1° Semester

Teaching Staff

GEA MARZIA OLIVERI CONTI
Email: olivericonti@unict.it
Office: Comparto 10-Edificio C. piano terra. Via Santa Sofia 87. Catania
Phone: 0953782133
Office Hours: 9.30-10.30


Course Structure

Lectures



Detailed Course Content

HEALTH PLANNING AND THE ITALIAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION

The fundamentals of public health. Health Planning. The National Health Service (SSN) from 1978 to today. The structure of the NHS: national level, regional level, local level. The skills of the NHS. Essential Levels of Assistance (LEA). Role and responsibility of the social worker in the NHS.

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY Definition, objectives and tools of epidemiology and hygiene. Health maintenance. Descriptive epidemiology: Objectives of descriptive epidemiology. Health determinants. Sources of data and measures of frequency of events (absolute frequency, ratios, proportions, rates). Incidence and prevalence. Direct, indirect, positive and negative socio-health indicators. Main socio-health indicators. Prevention of infectious and chronic degenerative diseases. Prophylaxis of infectious diseases, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. Analytical epidemiology: concept of risk and causal relationship. Risk measures: absolute, relative, attributable risk. Analytical studies: transversal or prevalence, case-control or retrospective, cohort or prospective. Evidence Based Medicine, Critical reviews, systematic reviews and PRISMA meta-analysis.

ACCREDITATION AND QUALITY OF HEALTH STRUCTURES

Clinical risk, direct and indirect health indicators. Sentinel event. Drafting and organization of research projects, training interventions, educational and support interventions for the individual and the community for self-management and control of risk factors and health problems



Textbook Information

S. BARBUTI, E. BELLELLI, G.M. FARA, G. GIAMMANCO: Igiene. Monduzzi Editore, Bologna.
W. RICCIARDI: “Igiene, Medicina Preventiva, Sanità Pubblica”. Idelson Gnocchi srl, Napoli.
C. MELONI, G. PELISSERO: “Igiene” ed. CEA Ambrosiana




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