General morphology of the human body Study criteria and Topographic Anatomy Systematics. Terminology anatomoclinica. Functional characteristics and constituent bodies of the apparatus and systems of the human body. Solid organs and hollow organs. Topographical organization of the human body. Topographic anatomy Premise Of each organ, the student must learn the following features: PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A BODY • Shape with faces, edges, poles, etc.. • Volume and dimensions • Weight • Surface • Color • Consistency • Position • Means of fixity • Reports • Vascularization blood, lymph and nerve supply • Internal configuration for hollow organs • Appearance of the section for the full organs • Structure microscopy DIGESTIVE SYSTEM - The parts of the alimentary canal. - The oral cavity and components. - Pharynx and its parts. - The esophagus and reports. - The peritoneum, peritoneal and retroperitoneal organs. - The stomach, morphology, structure and relationships. - The small intestine, morphology, structure and relationships. - The large intestine, morphology, structure and relationships. - The glands of the digestive system: liver and bile ducts, and pancreas. RESPIRATORY - The nasal cavities and components. - Pharynx and laryngo-pharynx. - The larynx and constituents. - The trachea, morphology, structure and relationships. - The extrapulmonary bronchi and intrapulmonary. - The lungs, morphology and structure. - The pleura and mediastinum. Cardiovascular system - See and anatomical relationships of the heart. - The pericardium, the endocardium, myocardium common. - The heart chambers. - The orifices of the heart and fibrous skeleton. - The valves of the heart. - The conduction of excitation of the heart. - The coronary circulation. - The small circle. - The great circle: the aorta, aortic arch and branches, and branches of the thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta and branches. - The common carotid artery. - The internal carotid artery and its branches, vertebral artery, the circle of Willis. - The external carotid artery and its branches. - The venous return to the heart, vena cava and coronary sinus. - Vena cava. Anonymous, jugular veins, venous sinuses of the dura mater. - Vena cava inferior, and emiazigos dell'azigos system. visceral branches of the inferior vena cava, the portal vein. APPARATUS UROPOIETICO - The kidney, relationships and structure. - The urinary tract. - The bladder and pelvic organs in relationship. GENITAL - The male gonad cycle and spermatogenetico. - Bodies attached to the male gonad and reports. - The female gonad, folliculogenesis and luteogenesi. - Annexes to the female genitals. - The uterus, relationships, structure and endometrial cycle. Integumentary - The skin and its constituents, structure and skin appendages. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM - The endocrine glands and their structure. - The pituitary. - The thyroid and parathyroid glands. - The adrenal glands. - The endocrine pancreas. - Hormones and stomatognathic system. Locomotor Apparatus - Breakdown of the skeleton. - The axial skeleton and its constituents. - The rib cage. - The appendicular skeleton and bone belts on. - Features morphological structural joints and their ranking. - The enartrosi and examples. - The ginglimi and examples. - The joint condyle and examples. - The artrodie and examples. - The muscles of the scapular humeral activators. - The muscles of the elbow joint activators. - The muscles activators of hand movements. - The muscles activators of the coxal-femoral joint. - The muscles activators of "knee joint - The muscles triggers the movement of the foot. NERVOUS SYSTEM - General organization of the nervous system. - The neuron, types and location of the cell bodies. - The neuroglia. - The sensory receptors. - The synapses and neurotransmitters. - General organization of the spinal cord. - Ascending pathways: file gracile and cuneate, medial lemniscus, thalamus-cortical bundles spino-thalamic and spino-cerebellar. - The descending pathways: the tow corticospinal or pyramidal bundles vestibulospinal- cord rubro, roof-spinal-cord olive. - The spinal nerves and their constitution, the spinal nerve plexus. - The brain components in relation to their development. - The hindbrain and its components. - The midbrain and its components, - The limbic system and its components. - The telencephalon and its components. - The cerebral cortex and cerebellum. - The white matter of the cerebrum and its constituents. - The cranial nerves.
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