The learning outcomes common to all qualifications of the same cycle are described by a set of general descriptors, which must reflect the wide range of disciplines and profiles and must be able to summarize the variety of features of each National Higher Education System. After the Ministerial Conference in Prague (2001), a group of experts from different countries drafted a series of descriptors for the three Bologna Process cycles, which will later become known as the Dublin Descriptors.
The Dublin Descriptors
The Dublin Descriptors are general statements about the ordinary outcomes that are achieved by students after completing a curriculum of studies and obtaining a qualification. They are neither meant to be prescriptive rules, nor they represent benchmarks or minimal requirements, since they are not comprehensive. The descriptors are conceived to describe the overall nature of the qualification. Furthermore, they are not to be considered disciplines and they are not limited to specific academic or professional areas.
The Dublin Descriptors consist of the following elements:
The learning outcomes of the Italian first and second cycle degree courses are structured according to the Dublin Descriptors.
Qualifications that signify completion of the first cycle are awarded to students who:
Methodology essentially based on the 4 skills of language learning which are a set of four capabilities that allow an individual to comprehend and produce spoken language for proper and effective interpersonal communication. These skills are Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. When we learn our native language, first we listen, then we speak, then we read and finally we write. Listening, speaking, reading and writing are the four language skills we need to develop for complete communication. Listening and reading are receptive: input, i.e. the exposure you have to authentic language in use. But the hardest skill is speaking. Speaking combines the hard parts of writing and listening: it requires much more in-depth knowledge of the grammar, and it requires you to use this knowledge in real time. CFU 9 ( includendo le altre 2 materie) h. 57 2nd SEMESTER.
ESAMS : WRITTEN TEST > LANGUAGE STRUCTURES+ DENTISTRY .
ORAL TEST (by passing the written test. At least 18/30 based on the number of the questions) LANGUAGE STRUCTURES+DENTISTRY.
The aim of the syllabus is to prepare students to use English for their professional studies in School of Dentistry and consequently for their professional needs in real life and work. This preparatory course will further give the students the opportunity to speak on general topics, to communicate in Dentistry and to understand texts on this professional area : in accordance with B1-B2 level.
Professional (English for Specific Purposes) English
The course aims at developing a wide range of skills:
Language Development, which involves grammar and extensive vocabulary learning.
Writing skills, which have a specific focus on short essays, memoranda, notes.
Reading, which involves study of instructional related texts of topical relevance.
Listening, which includes comprehension of detailed information.
Communication skills, which cover communication situations .
The main objectives of the syllabus are:
to provide material for the students to learn pronunciation of the English sounds, to learn to read, write, and to know the fundamentals of English grammar and vocabulary;
to develop the students' reading skills to enable them to skim an adapted text for main idea, to scan an adapted text for specific information, to interpret an adapted text for inferences;
to develop the students' writing skills to enable them to respond to input applying information to a specified task, to elicit, to select, to summarize information ;
to develop the students' listening skills to enable them to understand and apply specific information from the input ;
to develop the students' speaking skills to enable them to use general, social and professional language ;
to develop the students' general capacity to a level that enables them to use English in their professional and academic environment .
Methods of assessment:
Assessment integrates the following:
Individual and group oral presentations
Oral interactions (including pair work)
Written tests and tasks of various length (memoranda, notes)
Communicating the gist of simple reading passages
Translation of simple texts on dentistry.
This syllabus may be fulfilled on the basis of training materials, original special supplementary materials adapted for this level. The usage of up-to-date adapted materials will help students to obtain the necessary skills in reading, writing, listening and speaking.
The students learn to pronounce, read and write. They acquire their knowledge of fundamental grammatical structures and functions (e.g. sentence types, tenses, voice, parts of speech, word order, expressing possibility, obligation, necessity, prohibition, criticism; expressing preferences, making assumptions; asking for/ refusing/giving permission; making offers, sugestions, etc.) They acquire their fundamental vocabulary to fulfill the above mentioned functions in roles, topics and discussions.
The students are taught to be able to converse on different topics regarding Dentistry.
The students learn to understand spoken language. Listening texts include monologues and interacting speakers. T
The students are offered adapted/instructional reading material and are encouraged to learn to use different strategies for different reading purposes: identifying the main points in a text, looking for detail, locating specific information in a text, understanding a text structure, etc.
The students are expected to learn to produce written texts of various types: formal / informal / argumentative essays (expressing opinions, for and against), , memoranda and notes.
2. Professional (ESP) English
The purpose of ESP course is to prepare the students for doing dentistry in English.
Development of the students' restricted knowledge in denstistry terms and topics ,
The students' competence in ESP is measured by their ability to:
understand and interpret information presented in verbal, numerical or graphical form;
organize and present ideas and statements in a clear, logical and appropriate form.
The course aims to:
develop the students' comprehension of dentistry ;
develop the students' listening skills in the field of dentistry;
provide the students with opportunities to express dentistry concepts by reformulating them in their own words while summarizing.
3. Skills development
Students are taught to develop their skills in:
Reading which includes:
Skimming, scanning, detailed reading, guessing unknown words from context, understanding text organization, recognizing argument and counter-argument; distinguishing between main information and supporting detail, fact and opinion, hypothesis versus evidence; summarizing and note-taking.
Essay content and structure (patterns of organization, paragraphing, discussion – argument/counter-argument, advantages and disadvantages, topic sentence and supporting ideas, coherence and cohesion, punctuation).
Functions (generalization, definitions, exemplification, classification, comparison and contrast, cause and effect, process and procedure, interpretation of data).
Style (passive constructions, avoiding verbosity)
General comprehension (listening for gist, listening for detailed information, evaluating the importance of information).
Lectures (identifying the topic and main themes, identifying relationships among major ideas, comprehending key information).
Seminar skills (agreeing and disagreeing, clarifying, questioning, concluding).
Presentation skills (introductions and stating the purpose, signposting, highlighting key points, summaries, conclusions).
The students' competence in skills development is measured by their ability to understand and produce written and spoken language in an educational context, to perform the following academic tasks:
reading and understanding written academic language;
writing assignments in an appropriate style for university study;
listening to and comprehending spoken language ;
speaking to colleagues and lecturers .
MODULE 1 - DENTISTRY : DISCIPLINES AND PEOPLE CONCERNED.
PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY & PERIODONTICS .
THE ROLE OF THE DENTAL HYGIENIST.
MODULE 2 - THE HUMAN TOOTH.
MODULE 3 - DENTAL PROSTHESES & ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES.
MODULE 4 - COMMON ORAL DISEASES.
INTRODUCTION TO THE PROBLEM OF RESIDUAL RIDGES ETC.
MODULE 5 - HOW TO MAKE SCIENTIFIC TRANSLATION ( DENTISTRY)
GLOSSARY. DIALOGUES. BUSINESS CORRISPONDENCE IN DENTISTRY.
Unit 1 – Formal and informal writing
Vocabulary. Present simple and present continuous
Unit 3 – Adverbs of Frequency. Grammar. Commuting and adverbs of frequency
Future and past usage of Modal verbs. Language practice
Unit 5 – Use of the Past Simple and comparisons with other past tenses.
Unit 6 – Past simple and continuous.
Unit 7– 'Going to' and present continuous. The use of Future. Different ways to talk about the future
Unit 8 – Future perfect & continuous
Past participles .
Present perfect with 'never' and 'ever'
Unit 10 – Comparatives and superlatives. Grammar
Unit 11 – Defining relative clauses. Grammar
Getting a handle on relative clauses
Unit 12 – May, might and could.
Unit 13 – Used to / Would
Concept maps. online scientific magazines ppt. fotocopies to be sent by email. etc.