The aim of the course is to allow the student to recognize the different hematological diseases, to have an idea both of the prognostic perspectives of the different diseases and of the scale of priority of intervention on the various hematological alterations that can be present in patients even outside hematological structures.
After a general overview of the mechanisms that regulate normal and pathological hematopoiesis, the student will be introduced to the definition and pathophysiology of the main diseases affecting red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. A special attention will be paid to the most common forms of anemia and the most frequent hematological neoplasms. We will also provide the elements of pathophysiology of coagulation and hemorrhagic and thrombotic diseases. Priority will be given to the notions that serve for a differential diagnosis of level I and for a general framework of the hematological patient and the current prospects for cure or control of the disease. In this sense will be provided information on the main diagnostic methods used in hematology and will mention the most modern therapeutic strategies used in hematology, including the basics of transfusion medicine and bone marrow transplantation.
The last part of the course will provide for the simulation and discussion of clinical cases for integrated differential diagnostics (with elements of radiology, molecular biology, immunology and cytogenetics) necessary for the rapid classification of emergencies in hematology.
Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the program planned and outlined in the syllabus.
Manuale di malattie del Sangue
di Bosi, De Stefano, Di Raimondo, La Nasa - Elsevier
Hematology. Pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment