The student must learn the biological and pathogenic characteristics of microorganisms that play a role in human pathology, with reference to bacteria, viruses and fungi. He must acquire appropriate knowledge on the relationships between microorganisms and host in normal and pathological conditions, identify the transmission pathways, know the characteristics, the activity, the mechanism of action and resistance of the main antimicrobial drugs and vaccines. The student must also know the main methods for the cultivation and identification of microorganisms.
The course also aims to illustrate the various methods of prevention of microbial infections and the main causes of infection related to specific professional activity.
The Hygiene module aims to help understand the basic concepts of epidemiology and prevention, the knowledge of the prevention of the main infectious diseases and the vaccination calendar also in the workplace, of the connection between the prevention of chronic diseases degenerative with particular regard to cardiovascular diseases and their connection with the life atiles and the quality of the environment, as well as prevention and hygiene and sterilization standards in the healthcare environment.
Traditional lectures, with the support of slides and educational videos of some theoretical-practical teaching topics (the films will be available on the Studium page). Students during one of the last lessons will have the opportunity to view some practical activities carried out in the laboratories of Microbiology.
Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.
Learning assessment may also be carried out on line, should the conditions require it.
Definition of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine.
Outline of Demography, Epidemiology and Prevention.
Epidemiology and Prevention of Infectious Diseases, vaccination calendar.
Epidemiology and prevention of chronic - degenerative diseases
Epidemiology and prevention of metabolic, cardiovascular, tumor and COPD diseases
Nutrition and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases.
Hygiene of living and working environments: dust, fibers and related pathologies; allergic diseases; work shifts; limit values of chemical pollutants in the workplace; EMF, noise and derived pathologies. solvents; elements and metals: physio-toxicological aspects and biological monitoring; occupational carcinogenesis.
Hospital hygiene: management of hospital environments, physical, chemical and biological risks, nosocomial infections, hospital waste.
EUDES LANCIOTTI - “ Microbiologia clinica” - 4° Edizione - Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
All students can use didactic material downloadable from the Studium page at the following link: https://220.127.116.11/dokeos/2021/courses/20475/
Maria Triassi, Hygiene Preventive and Territory Medicine, III edition, Sorbonne, Idelson Gnocchi, Naples 2019.