FIS/01 - 9 CFU - 2° Semester

Teaching Staff

Office: INFN-LNS, via Santa Sofia 62, 95123, Catania
Phone: 095/542547
Office Hours: Martedì, 14:00-15:00 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia (DFA), Stanza 328

Learning Objectives

The student is required to achieve the following training objectives:

Course Structure

The teaching method is generally the most congenial to the teaching of Physics 1. In particular, in addition to the classical lecture with the use of a standard blackboard, slides will be used to deepen some specific topics. In addition, multimedia files (video and / or audio) will be used to facilitate the understanding of some topics. In addition to this, teaching in cooperative learning is privileged, in which the classroom becomes a moment of development and apprehension of knowledge. Brainstorming will also be considered (mainly for the resolution of exercises submitted by the teacher) and flipped-classroom in which the students will be directly called into question to explain or illustrate exercises or theoretical topics. The verification method includes self-assessment tests during the entire second semester as well as exam tests with cross-section exercises on the course topics.

Detailed Course Content

1) Physics quantities

Quantities in physics--International system-Dimensions and dimensional calculation-Measurement uncertainties

2) Vectors

Reference frame and euclidean axes; Geometrical meaning of vectors; Vectors in physics and their role in describing 2D and 3D space; Vector and scalar quantities; Vectors in the plane and their decomposition; Versors; Operation with vectors: sum, difference product

3) Kinematics

Position and displacement vector; Velocity and accelerations vectors; ; One dimensional motion with constant velocity; One dimensional motion with constant acceleration; Freely falling objects; Projectile motion; Uniform Circular motion; Centripetal acceleration

4) Dinamics

The concept of force; Newton's laws of motion; The force as a vector; Gravitational force; Forces of friction; The concept of work; Equilibrium condition and the inclined plane (with and without friction forces); Work done by a constant and a varying force; Conservative forces; Elastic forces and Hooke's law; The simple pendulum; Mass-spring system; Kinetic Energy and the wrok-kinetic energy theorem: Gravitaional force and gravitaional law; Conservation of energy; Potential energy; The isolated systems: conservation of mechanical energy; System of particles; Center-of-mass and its coordinates; Linear momentum and its conservation; Impulse and momentum; One dimenaional collisioons; Angular position, veolicity and acceleration; Rotational kinematics; Rigid body; Angular momentum and torque; Energy in rotational motion; Angular momentum conservation; Rolling motion of a rigid body: Introduction to oscillation and similarities between pendulum and spring-mass system

5) Fluid mechanics

Pressure; Variation of pressure with depth; Stevin's law; Pressure measurements; Pascal's law; Buoyant forces and Archimede's principle; Fluid dynamics; Bernoulli's equation

6) Thermodinamics

Temperature and the zeroth law of thermodynamics; Thermic contact; Thermometers; Absolute scale of temperatures; Thermic equilibrium; The heat; Thermal expansion of solids and liquids; Specific heat and calorimetry; Temperature of equiibrium; Latenet heat; The first law of thermodynamics; Work, heat and internal energy in thermodynamics; Transformation; Peferct gases; Transformations with constant temperature or volume or pressure; Molar specifi heat; The Mayer relation; Adiabatic transformations; The Carnot Cycle; The Carnot principle; The second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Third law of thermodynamics

Textbook Information

  1. P. Mazzoldi, M. Nigro, C. Voci "Fisica, Volume I" (II edizione), Edises
  2. D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker "Fondamenti di Fisica" (2015) Casa Ed. Ambrosiana;
  3. D. Roller, R. Blum "Fisica (Vol. I)" Casa Ed. Zanichelli
  4. Serway, Jewett "Principi di Fisica" (2015) Edises
  5. D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker "Fundamental of Physics" Casa Ed. Ambrosiana;

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