This course provides the basic knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of Newtonian Mechanics, Thermal phenomena and Electrical and Magnetic phenomena in vacuum, showing the universality of the laws of physics and their application in the interpretation of natural phenomena (knowledge and understanding).
The course aims the student to acquire sufficient familiarity with the basic models of classical Physics and to develop the ability to apply the learned concepts to solve simple numerical problems (applying knowledge and understanding).
The study induces the student to think in a scientific way by acquiring the ability to assess the applicability of the principles of Physics to real and concrete scientific problems (Making judgments).
Particular attention has given in acquisition and use of appropriate technical language, the prerogative to the development of communication skills in scientific and professional fields (communication skills)
Introducing students to the study and application of the experimental method, which is a basic investigative tool not only in Physics but in every scientific discipline, it allows the student to independently face and solve new problems that could arise both in the study of other scientific disciplines and in the future professional activity (learning skills).
The course is structured in lectures and practical classes.
There are two in-itinere tests lasting one hour each, one in the first half of the course and the latter in the second half. The tests are not mandatory and are reserved for the students who have acquired at least 50% of attendance. The in-itinere tests introduce the student to the final examination, by consisting in the resolution of questions and problems related to the part of the program.
Physics and Measurement - Motion in One Dimension – Vectors - Motion in Two Dimensions - The Laws of Motion - Applications of Newton's Laws - Energy of a System - Conservation of Energy - The centre of mass - Linear Momentum - Collisions - Harmonic oscillations - Damped and forced oscillations.
Thermal Equilibrium - Temperature - Heat and Work - Heat Capacities - The First Law of Thermodynamics - Heat Engines – Refrigerators - The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Electric Charge - Electric Fields - Gauss' Law - Electric Potential – Capacitance - Current and Resistance – Circuits - Magnetic Fields - Magnetic Fields Due to Currents - Induction and Inductance - Maxwell's Equation - Electromagnetic Waves.