Provide the student with the means to acquire a correct method of approach to the patient suffering from the main pathologies and/or syndromes of medical interest, basing the reasoning on scientific evidence and using in a rational and critical way the information gathered with the anamnesis and the physical examination. At the end of the course the students must have acquired the ability: a) to collect the medical history data correctly, b) to perform appropriately both the general and specific physical examination for the different organs and systems, c) to correlate the clinical data with the physiopathological bases, and finally, d) to set a correct diagnostic approach through a rational use of clinical and instrumental diagnostic procedures.
Frontal and interactive teaching.
The clinical procedure.The medical history. The general physical examination. The fever. The physical examination for apparatus: respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, locomotor. Clinical approach to the patient with dyspnea, chest pain, jaundice, pleural effusion, ascites, edema, anemia. Diagnostic methodology of Mediastinal Syndrome. Diagnostic methodology of portal hypertension. Semiotics of tones and heart murmurs. Diagnostic methodology of liver diseases. Diagnostic methodology of splenomegaly. Diagnostic methodology of kidney diseases. Changes in the state of consciousness. Diagnostic methodology of the endocrine system.