At the end of the course, the student will learn the fundamental concepts of computer science, the encoding of information, the architecture of a computer, the operating systems and software applications. It will also possess a global knowledge on the internet and computer networks, on the theory of databases, on applications of informatics in oftalmological contest, as well as practical knowledge on the use of an operative system and of the suite "Microsoft Office" (Word, Excel).
To develop statistical and methodological abilities applied to the analysis of biological/biomedical events. To develop abilities to apply the principal tools of statistical data collection, measurement and analysis.
The module "Applied Physics" aims at providing the students with the basilar physics notions that are fundamental for other courses of the Degree Course in Orthoptic and Ophthalmologic Assistance. During the course the students will also learn about the most important technologies frequently used in biomedical field.
The Learning Objectives, within the Dublin Descriptors scheme, are:
Lessons ed exercitation in classroom, assignment and correction of homeworks.
The course includes lectures in which continuous interaction with students and exercises in the multimedia classroom is encouraged, using specific statistical software, with examples to apply the
knowledge acquired during the course.
Classroom-taught lessons by the use of interactive power point presentations (with images, videos and animations).
Exercises in groups or supervised by the teacher.
Introduction to computer science
Encoding and representation of information
Architecture of computer
The operating system and application software
Computer networks and the internet
Hypertext and HTML code
Network security and malware
Introduction to databases
Elements of medical informatics
Technology at the service of ocular diagnostics
Word processors: Microsoft Word
Spreadsheets: Microsoft Excel
Databases: Microsoft Access
Presentation programs: Microsoft PowerPoint.
The biological variables. Monovariate data synthesis measures. Bivariate analysis. Probability and statistical inference.
1) Oscillations and waves
Waves, simple harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillations, classification of waves, the linear wave equation, ray representation and wave fronts, Huygens' principle, waves superposition, reflection and transmission, light dispersion, waves in interference, beats, diffraction, polarized light.
2) Light and Optics
Electromagnetic waves, the spectrum of electromagnetic waves, the nature of light, the ray optics, wave under reflection, waves under refraction, total internal refraction, optical fibers and their applications (endoscopy), laser light and its application in medicine, prism and its applications in optometry, images formed by refraction, thin lenses, lens aberrations, images formed by mirrors.
3) Optical applications in biology and medicine
Simple and compound microscope, the eye, eye reference axes and point, distance evaluation, visual acuity, visual defects, color vision.
4) Sound waves
Propagation of sound waves, intensity of sound waves, ultrasound, Doppler flowmetry, ultrasound images and ultrasound modality to record images.
5) Radiations in biology and medicine
The atomic nucleus, radioactive isotopes, the nuclear decay, ionizing radiation and interaction of radiation with matter, optical coherence tomography (OCT), radiation biological effects, radiation protection and dosimetry, hadron therapy.
- Luca Mari, Giacomo Buonanno, Donatella Sciuto - Informatica e cultura dell'informazione (seconda edizione), McGraw-Hill.
- Teacher’s slides (see on http://www.dmi.unict.it/~salfi/informaticaortottica.htm)
Biostatistica - M.Pagano, K.Gauvreau - II edizione italiana, Idelson-Gnocchi
1) Scannicchio D. : Fisica Biomedica, Ed. Edises – Napoli
2) Giancoli D.C.: Fisica. Principi e applicazioni, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana – Milano
3) Serwey R.A. and Jewett J.W.: Principi di Fisica, Ed. Edises – Napoli
4) Contessa G.M. and Marzo G.A.: Fisica applicate alle scienze mediche, CEA - Milano