At the end of the course the student should understand the underlying causes and the pathogenetic mechanisms at the basis human diseases, as well as the etiology of the fundamental alteration of the biological structures, functions and control mechanisms. It must also know the basic biological mechanisms of defence and their alterations. The course will address the concept of pathology (or disease) from the molecular level to the upper levels of organization (cell, tissue, organ, apparatus, body).
At the end of course the student will be able to distinguish the type of cyto-histopathological samples and to adopt correctly the appropriate conservation techniques;
use an appropriate language, but understandable, demonstrating to have learned the elementary notions related to the alterations of organs and tissues, not neoplastic and neoplastic.
Lectures in the classroom with the teacher
Elements of histocitopathological technique
Histopathological examinations: incisional and excisional biopsies, surgical biopsy, cytological examinations. Examples
Preservation of biological samples: chemical and physical fixation; intraoperative histological examination. Examples
General Pathological Anatomy
Non-neoplastic alterations: hypertrophy, hyperplasia, atrophy, hypotrophy, aplasia, metaplasia; examples
Non-neoplastic cellular necrosis: meaning, particular types; apoptosis; examples
Neoplasms: general characters: dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, invasive carcinoma; examples
Benign and malignant, epithelial and non-epithelial tumors: classification; examples
Grade and stage of neoplasia: examples
Elementi di patologia generale per corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie, Giovanni M. Pontieri – Piccin
Patologia Generale – Maurizio Parola - EdiSES
Anatomia Patologica- Le basi- Luigi Ruco, Aldo Scarpa. Edizioni UTET